International Labour Organization (ILO) Maritime Labour Convention, 2006- ILO

Regulation 2.4 – Entitlement to leave
Purpose: To ensure that seafarers have adequate leave
2. Seafarers shall be granted shore leave to benefit their health and well-being And Consistent with the operational requirements of their positions.
Regulation 4.4 – Access to shore-based welfare facilities
Purpose: To ensure that seafarers working on board a ship have access to shore-based facilities and services to secure their health and well-being
1. Each Member shall ensure that shore-based welfare facilities, where they exist, are easily accessible. The Member shall also promote the developmentof welfare facilities, such as those listed in the Code, in designated ports to provide seafarers on ships that are in its ports with access to adequate welfare facilities and services.
2. The responsibilities of each Member with respect to shore-based facilities, such as welfare, cultural, recreational and information facilities and services, are set out in the Code.
Standard A4.4 – Access to shore-based welfare facilities
1. Each Member shall require, where welfare facilities exist on its territory, that they are available for the use of all seafarers, irrespective of nationality, race colour, sex, religion, political opinion or social origin and irrespective of the flag State of the ship on which they are employed or engaged or work
2.Each Member shall promote the development of welfare facilities in appropriate ports of the country and determine, after consultation with the ship owners’ and seafarers’ organizations concerned, which ports are to be regarded as appropriate.
3.Each Member shall encourage the establishment of welfare boards which shall regularly review welfare facilities and services to ensure that theyare appropriate in the light of changes in the needs of seafarers resulting from technical, operational and other developments in the shipping industry
Guideline B4.4 – Access to shore-based welfare
facilities Guideline B4.4.1 – Responsibilities of Members
1. Each Member should:
(a)take measures to ensure that adequate welfare facilities and services are provided for seafarers in designated ports of call and that adequate protectionis provided to seafarers in the exercise of their profession; and
(b)take into account, in the implementation of these measures, the special needs of seafarers, especially when in foreign countries and when entering war zones, in respect of their safety, health and spare-time activities.
1.Arrangements for the supervision of welfare facilities and services should include participation by representative ship owners’ and seafarers’ organizations concerned.
3.Each Member should take measures designed to expedite the free circulation among ships, central supply agencies and welfare establishments of welfare materials such as films, books, newspapers and sports equipment for use by seafarers on board their ships and in welfare centers ashore.
4. Members should cooperate with one another in promoting the welfare of seafarers at sea and in port. Such cooperation should include thefollowing:
(a)consultations among competent authorities aimed at the provision and improvement of seafarers’ welfare facilities and services, both in port and on board ships;
(b)agreements on the pooling of resources and the joint provision of welfare facilities in major ports so as to avoid unnecessary duplication;
(c)organization of international sports competitions and encouragement of the participation of seafarers in sports activities; and
(d)organization of international seminars on the subject of welfare of seafarers at sea and in port.
Guideline B4.4.2 – Welfare facilities and services in ports
1.Each Member should provide or ensure the provision of such welfare facilities and services as may be required, in appropriate ports of the country.
2.Welfare facilities and services should be provided, in accordance with national conditions and practice, by one or more of the following:
(a)public authorities;
(b) shipowners’ and seafarers’ organizations concerned under collective agreements or other agreed arrangements; and
(c)voluntary organizations.
3. Necessary welfare and recreational facilities should be established or developed in ports. These should include:
(a)meeting and recreation rooms as required;
(b)facilities for sports and outdoor facilities, including competitions;
(c)educational facilities; and
(d)where appropriate, facilities for religious observances and for personal counselling
4. These facilities may be provided by making available to seafarers in accordance with their needs facilities designed for more general use.
5.Where large numbers of seafarers of different nationalities require facilities such as hotels, clubs and sports facilities in a particular port, the competent authorities or bodies of the countries of origin of the seafarers and of the flag States, as well asthe international associations concerned, should consult and cooperate with the competent authorities and bodies of the country in which the port is situated and with one another, with a view to the pooling of resources and to avoiding unnecessary duplication.
6. Hotels or hostels suitable for seafarers should be available where there is need for them. They should provide facilities equal to those found in a goodclass hotel, and should wherever possible be located in good surroundings
away from the immediate vicinity of the docks. Such hotels or hostels should be properly supervised, the prices charged should be reasonable in amount and, where necessary and possible, provision should be made for accommodating seafarers’ families.
7. These accommodation facilities should be open to all seafarers, irrespective of nationality, race, colour, sex, religion, political opinion or social origin and irrespective of the flag State of the ship on which they are employed or engaged or work. Without in any way infringing this principle, it may be necessary in certain ports to provide several types of facilities, comparable in standard but adapted to the customs and needs of different groups of seafarers
8. Measures should be taken to ensure that, as necessary, technically competent persons are employed full time in the operation of seafarers’ welfare facilities and services, in addition to any voluntary workers.
Guideline B4.4.3 – Welfare boards
1. Welfare boards should be established, at the port, regional and national levels, as appropriate. Their functions should include:
(a)keeping under review the adequacy of existing welfare facilities and monitoring the need for the provision of additional facilities or the withdrawal of underutilized facilities; and
(b)assisting and advising those responsible for providing welfare facilities and ensuring coordination between them.
2. Welfare boards should include among their members representatives of shipowners’ and seafarers’ organizations, the competent authorities and, where appropriate, voluntary organizations and social bodies.
3. As appropriate, consuls of maritime States and local representatives of foreign welfare organizations should, in accordance with national laws and regulations,be associated with the work of port, regional and national welfare boards.
Guideline B4.4.4 – Financing of welfare facilities
1. In accordance with national conditions and practice, financial support for port welfare facilities should be made available through one or more of the following:
(a)grants from public funds;
(b)levies or other special dues from shipping sources;
(c)voluntary contributions from shipowners, seafarers, or their organizations; and
(d) voluntary contributions from other sources.
2.Where welfare taxes, levies and special dues are imposed, they should be used only for the purposes for which they are raised.
Guideline B4.4.5 – Dissemination of information and facilitation measures
1. Information should be disseminated among seafarers concerning facilities open to the general public in ports of call, particularly transport, welfare, entertainment and educational facilities and places of worship, as well as facilities provided specifically for seafarers.
2.Adequate means of transport at moderate prices should be available at any reasonable time in order to enable seafarers to reach urban areas from convenient locations in the port.
3.All suitable measures should be taken by the competent authorities to make known to shipowners and to seafarers entering port any special laws and customs, the contravention of which may jeopardize their freedom.
4.Port areas and access roads should be provided by the competent authorities with adequate lighting and signposting and regular patrols for the protection of seafarers.
Guideline B4.4.6 – Seafarers in a foreign port
1. For the protection of seafarers in foreign ports, measures should be taken to facilitate:
(a)access to consuls of their State of nationality or State of residence; and
(b)effective cooperation between consuls and the local or national authorities.
2.Seafarers who are detained in a foreign port should be dealt with promptly under due process of law and with appropriate consular protection.
3.Whenever a seafarer is detained for any reason in the territory of a Member, the competent authority should, if the seafarer so requests, immediately inform the flag State The competent authority should promptly inform the seafarer of the right to make such a request. The State of nationality of the seafarer should promptly notify the seafarer’s next of kin. The competent authority should allow consular officers of these States immediate access to the seafarer and regular visits thereafter so long as the seafarer is detained.
4.Each Member should take measures, whenever necessary, to ensure the safety of seafarers from aggression and other unlawful acts while ships are in their territorial waters and especially in approaches to ports.
5.Every effort should be made by those responsible in port and on
board a shipto facilitate shore leave for seafarers as soon as possible
after a ship’s arrival in port.
On 9 October 2015, the Government of India ratified two ILO Convention, both the Maritime Labour Convention, 2006 and the Seafarers Identity Documents Convention India is the 31st ILO member State to ratify Convention No. 185 and the 67th to ratify the MLC, 2006